Lok Sabha passes labour codes; widen social safety web for staff

Aditi Tandon
Tribune News Service

New Delhi, September 22

The Lok Sabha on Tuesday handed three labour codes which search to amalgamate 29 central legislations into one with the needs of widening the social safety web for staff and making it straightforward for firms to do enterprise.

Replying to the controversy on the Codes – The Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code 2020, The Industrial Relations Code 2020 and The Code on Social Security 2020, Labour Minister Santosh Gangwar mentioned the brand new framework was essential to align staff and trade to a world the place work at home is the brand new regular.

“The Codes provide for issuance of appointment letters to all workers to encourage formal employment, widens the definition of migrant worker for the purpose of their benefit, provides for re-skilling of retrenched workforce and lays down the role of trade unions in industrial dispute resolution. These codes will prove a milestone for worker welfare in India,” he mentioned because the Bills have been handed amid opposition boycott of proceedings.

The authorities got here up with 4 codes to create buildings for straightforward compliance by trade and guarantee social safety for staff.

The fourth code—Code on Wages—has already been handed by Parliament and has grow to be a regulation. In all there have been 44 central labour legal guidelines of which the federal government repealed some.

The minister allayed considerations round the proper of staff to strike being made troublesome saying the codes don’t take away this proper. The Bills, nevertheless, made it necessary for putting labour unions to present a 14 day prior discover for a strike and say the employees won’t strike whereas negotiations are on. The Bills additionally make it necessary for a legitimate commerce union to indicate assist of 75 per cent staff.

The codes will cowl 50 crore staff from the organised, unorganised and self employed sector for functions of minimal wages, social safety. They discuss of pay parity to ladies staff as in comparison with male counterparts; 50 per cent penalty in circumstances of accidents to go to the employees together with different dues.

The Codes additionally say {that a} National Occupational Safety and Health Board shall be fashioned for offering worldwide degree security surroundings whereas working journalists’ definition shall be expanded to incorporate Digital and Electronic Media.

In respect of migrants, the codes make clear that every one migrant staff will now be lined by regulation as an alternative of simply these introduced by contactors.

“Data base on migrant workers through law to help better targeting, skill mapping and utilisation of governments schemes will be created and migrant workers will get journey allowance from employer to visit home town once a year. A help line for migrants will be provided to redress grievances,” the Bills say.

The codes can even cowl gig and platform staff opening doorways for social safety to these within the self-employment sector.

One concern across the Codes is – these permit employers of models with lower than 300 staff to terminate employment with out prior discover. The threshold restrict earlier was 100 staff.

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