Dak bungalows have remained an integral a part of the journey expertise alongside highways and smaller roadways in India. Built within the 1840s following a decree by Lord Auckland, the then Governor General, these relaxation homes, separated from each other by 12-15 miles, carried ahead the lengthy established custom of caravan serais and dharamshalas constructed by Indian rulers for pilgrims. These charming shelters have been fairly harshly described by Rudyard Kipling’s father J Lockwood Kipling as “about as handsome as a stack of hay” and forming an “irreducible minimum of accommodation”.
Dak bungalows have been a comfort for British officers detailed to arrange and keep outposts of the East India Company all through India within the 19th century. And these have been staging factors for mail runners of the Imperial Mail Service, and makeshift courtroom homes for proceedings in distant areas. According to Lt Col JK Stanford, a distinguished author who served within the ICS in India and Burma from 1919 till 1936 between two stints within the British military, a Sessions Judge on tour making an attempt circumstances on the bottom flooring of a dak bungalow was disturbed by his Burmese spouse, who was internet hosting a playing get together for her pals upstairs. When he remonstrated concerning the noise, she got here down and slippered him in entrance of his personal courtroom, which led to his leaving authorities service!
He has additionally recorded that, within the rains and earlier than the arrival of motor automobiles, officers typically spent three weeks in a month on tour, dwelling in these bungalows, with 7 rupees and eight annas as a nightly travelling allowance that paid for the horse’s feed, firewood, eggs, chickens, and paraffin; they didn’t should pay for the lodging. Today’s authorities functionaries are entitled to make use of these services at minimal charges and when not occupied or booked, personal residents will pay modest sums and keep in these quaint however frugal digs.
Many of those buildings which have survived the vicissitudes of time are to be discovered alongside highways, main and minor alike. Wherever doable, these have been constructed on promontories overlooking the encircling panorama; modest two-bedroom lodging with terracotta-tiled roofs and planter’s chairs in deep verandahs affording an unrestricted view of the often massive compound dotted with bushes, many fruit bearing and others for shade. Meanwhile, the Forest Department had constructed up a parallel stock of relaxation homes, of practically comparable classic and magnificence, to facilitate excursions of its officers into dense jungle tracts. In distinction, Railway relaxation homes have been tucked into crowded complexes adjoining railway stations.
In the agricultural areas, except one’s arrival was pre-notified, one might be in for a shock upon arrival at an unfrequented dak bungalow. The cook-cum-chowkidar may have locked up the ability and trundled off for a tryst within the adjoining hamlet, or made his strategy to the close by haat (market in tribal areas whereby barter system, fairly than money, prevails) to rearrange for his victuals for the week. However, if he have been to be obtainable on arrival, and never inebriated, he would hasten to supply tea after which produce a meal, which may vary from the hardly edible to the elegant.
However, if the old-time, lonesome khansama (multi functional — prepare dinner, butler and factotum) have been to be round, dak bangla roast hen and caramel custard would kind the core of the fare, introduced with a lot ceremony in chipped porcelain of one other period. The older khansamas would regale guests with delectable tales concerning the love lives of Sahibs within the dak bungalow’s central room, serving each as a lounge and eating room, with a non-functional grandfather clock alongside a light daguerreotype of the Englishman credited with constructing the ability.
With their bleak and distant areas, dak bungalows supplied the proper setting for wild imaginings. Kipling famous: “A ghost that would voluntarily hang about a dak bungalow would be mad of course; but so many men have died mad in dak bungalows that there must be a fair percentage of lunatic ghosts.”
Ruskin Bond wrote thus: “the ghosts… who the British brought to India and left behind in our… dak bungalows, they are what you’d call revenants… from the dead reappearing physically, but not quite physically.” Lore has it that the spirits of a person and a girl didn’t take kindly to Britishers visiting Damoh Circuit House: objects would fly round and furnishings would march throughout the room. Any guests that resisted the ghosts would meet their finish, like General Douglas, who shot his spouse and two kids for no obvious purpose whereas staying there.
None would go to the Chirai Dongri Rest House atop a hill amidst dense forest, between Jabalpur and Mandla, throughout Christmas week due to the anticipated go to of the ghost of an Englishman, who had killed himself there as a result of loneliness. Misrodh close to Bhopal is claimed to have acquired this title after Miss Rod, the daughter of 1 Major Rod, dedicated suicide within the native dak bungalow as a result of a failed romance.
Sadly, many dak bungalows, which have been witness to a lot historical past and have been the venues of romances, quarrels, murders, suicides and different tragedies, have been subjected to inconsiderate makeovers. Ceramic tiles, garishly painted plywood, plastic crockery and furnishings have robbed them of their attraction. And avaricious members of the administration have made off with teak cabinets and furnishings, cane chairs, mirrors set in embellished frames and different moveables relationship again to the 19th and early 20th centuries. Fortunately, a number of relaxation homes situated away from the cities and main thoroughfares like Thalkobad, deep within the Saranda forest in Jharkhand, retain their pristine attraction, having been spared such ravages as a result of inaccessibility.