Tribune News Service
New Delhi, January 20
Shortly after taking oath as US President, Joe Biden will begin overturning many of his predecessor Donald Trump’s orders in order to address four simultaneous national crises: the pandemic, recession, climate change and racial inequality.
At least a dozen reversals are expected on the inaugural day though only a couple will be implemented right away. This is because most need approval from a narrowly-divided Congress and a Senate which democrats control 50-50 with the tie breaking vote to Vice President Kamala Harris.
“On Inauguration Day, President-elect Biden will sign roughly a dozen actions,’’ the incoming White House chief of staff Ron Klain has said.
In fact, some of the proposals might make it to the Congress and the Senate later than expected because Biden’s first priority will be to get his Cabinet choices confirmed. The process has been delayed because of delays in counting and the confirmation of electoral votes by the Congress and the Senate.
Among the reversals that Biden’s Transition Team has said will be announced on inaugural day, Indians will be acutely interested in the US Citizenship Bill of 2021, the legislation to modernise the immigration system.
Highly skilled Indian IT professionals who come to the US on H-1B work visas have been the hardest hit by Trump’s tweaks to the immigration system. It now imposes a seven per cent per country quota on allotment of the Green Card and raises wage-based entry barriers. In fact, the Trump administration was making the immigration system tighter through executive orders as late as January 12 and January 15.
The Biden Bill also clears employment-based immigration backlogs and makes it easier for graduates of US universities with advanced degrees, in the Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) to stay in the US besides improving the access to green cards for workers from the low wage sectors.
Biden will also eliminate the limits on employment-based green cards by country, which have kept many Indian families waiting for long.
Presidential executive in the first 10 days will cover the four concurrent national crises. It will begin to tackle the health crises by rejoining the WHO, setting up thousands of community vaccination centers and a mask mandate for all federal property and interstate travel for 100 days. The recession will be addressed by a federal moratorium on evictions and moratorium on student loan debt.
Climate change by cancelling the Keystone pipeline and rejoining the Paris Agreement and the fourth, deep racial inequality by resuming citizenship for young, undocumented immigrants, stopping; all deportations and reversing a travel ban on visitors from 13 predominantly-Muslim countries.