Washington, September 10
An American industrial cargo spacecraft sure for the International Space Station has been named after fallen NASA astronaut Kalpana Chawla, the primary India-born girl to enter area, for her key contributions to human spaceflight.
Northrop Grumman, an American international aerospace and defence know-how firm, introduced that its subsequent Cygnus capsule shall be named the “S.S. Kalpana Chawla”, in reminiscence of the mission specialist who died along with her six crewmates aboard the area shuttle Columbia in 2003.
“Today we honour Kalpana Chawla, who made history at @NASA as the first female astronaut of Indian descent. Her contributions to human spaceflight have had a lasting impact,” the corporate tweeted on Wednesday.
“Northrop Grumman is proud to name the NG-14 Cygnus spacecraft after former astronaut Kalpana Chawla. It is the company’s tradition to name each Cygnus after an individual who has played a pivotal role in human spaceflight,” the corporate mentioned on its web site.
“Chawla was selected in honour of her prominent place in history as the first woman of Indian descent to go to space,” it mentioned.
“While Chawla made the ultimate sacrifice in service to the space programme, her legacy lives on through her fellow astronauts and those she has inspired to follow in her footsteps,” it mentioned.
“Her final research conducted onboard Columbia helped us understand astronaut health and safety during spaceflight. Northrop Grumman is proud to celebrate the life of Kalpana Chawla and her dream of flying through the air and in space,” it mentioned.
The S S Kalpana Chawla capsule is scheduled to launch on the NG-14 mission atop a Northrop Grumman Antares rocket from the Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport (MARS) at NASA’s Wallops Flight Facility in Virginia on September 29. The spacecraft will arrive at and be connected to the area station two days later.
For the NG-14 mission, the Cygnus spacecraft will ship roughly 3,629 kg of cargo to the area station.
Chawla was born in Karnal, Haryana on March 17, 1962. She acquired a Bachelor of Science diploma in aeronautical engineering from Punjab Engineering College in India in 1982.
Chawla then moved to the United States to pursue her graduate schooling; in 1984 she acquired a Master’s diploma in aerospace engineering from the University of Texas, and a Ph.D. in aerospace engineering from the University of Colorado in 1988.
She held industrial pilot’s licenses for single- and multi-engine aeroplanes, seaplanes and gliders, and was additionally an authorized flight teacher.
Chawla started her profession at NASA in 1988 as a powered-lift computational fluid dynamics researcher on the Ames Research Center in California.
Her work focused on the simulation of complicated air flows encountered by plane flying in “ground-effect.” In 1993, Chawla joined Overset Methods Inc. as vice chairman and a researcher in aerodynamics.
After changing into a naturalised US citizen in April 1991, Chawla utilized for the NASA astronauts corps. She was chosen in December 1994 and reported to the Johnson Space Center in Houston in 1995 as an astronaut candidate in Group 15.
In November 1996, Chawla was assigned as a mission specialist on STS-87 aboard the Space Shuttle Columbia, changing into the primary girl of Indian descent to fly in area.
Chawla’s second spaceflight expertise got here in 2001 when she was chosen for the crew of STS-107. The flight was devoted to science and analysis, with roughly 80 experiments accomplished.
Chawla misplaced her life in the course of the STS-107 mission when the Space Shuttle Columbia disintegrated upon reentering the Earth’s ambiance. PTI