Meet the Intel techie who helped late Stephen Hawking communicate


New Delhi, August 30

An Intel veteran that helped late physicist Stephen Hawking to talk is now working with Peter Scott-Morgan, a British roboticist who has undergone a number of operations to move off the incapacity that comes from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also referred to as motor neurone illness (MND), the identical affliction as Hawking suffered.

Lama Nachman, Intel fellow and director of Intel’s Anticipatory Computing Lab, and her staff that features Indian-origin scientists developed the Assistive Context-Aware Toolkit, a software program that helps folks with extreme disabilities talk by keyboard simulation, phrase prediction and speech synthesis.

Nachman’s staff works on context-aware computing and human synthetic intelligence (AI) collaboration applied sciences that may assist the aged of their properties, college students who won’t thrive in commonplace school rooms and technicians in manufacturing services.

“I’ve always felt that technology can empower people who are most marginalised. It can level the playing field and bring more equity into society, and that is most obvious for people with disabilities,” Nachman stated in an Intel weblog put up.

In 2017, Scott-Morgan obtained a analysis of MND or ALS that assaults one’s mind and nerves and finally paralyses all muscular tissues, even those who allow respiratory and swallowing.

Doctors instructed the 62-year-old scientist he’d in all probability die by the top of 2019 however Scott-Morgan had different plans.

He needs to interchange all his organs with equipment to turn out to be the “world’s first full cyborg”.

Scott-Morgan started his transformation late final yr when he underwent a collection of operations to increase his life utilizing expertise.

He now depends on artificial speech and has developed a lifelike avatar of his face for simpler communication with others.

For virtually eight years, Nachman helped Hawking talk his virtually legendary mental achievements by an open-source platform she and her staff helped develop, known as the ACAT.

For Hawking, it was a tiny muscle in his cheek that he twitched to set off a sensor on his glasses that may interface together with his laptop to kind sentences.

For Scott-Morgan, Nachman’s staff added gaze monitoring, which permits him to stare at letters on his laptop display screen to type sentences, in addition to phrase prediction capabilities.

“I’ve always had this interest in figuring out the latest and greatest technologies and playing with them and breaking them and fixing them,” Nachman stated.

While Hawking wished extra management over his conversations, Nachman stated that Scott-Morgan is “open to greater experimentation and the idea of him and the machine learning together”.

“As a result, we have been researching how to build a response-generation capability that can listen to the conversation and suggest answers that he can quickly choose from or nudge in a different direction.”

Nachman stated that Scott-Morgan is keen to forego management in trade for intuitive collaboration together with his AI-powered communication interface due to the velocity it affords him.

Nachman stated a few of her staff’s analysis focuses on individuals who can’t transfer any a part of their physique, not even a twitch of their cheeks or eyes.

For them, brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) embrace skullcaps geared up with electrodes that monitor brainwaves, like an electroencephalogram take a look at. IANS



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