There are two methods to cope with discriminatory social practices — to depart it to the society to evolve and eliminate such practices or to make use of legislation as a instrument to attain desired social change.
The first one follows a “bottom-up” method through which the target could be achieved with out a lot social upheaval, however it might take many years. The second is named “top-down” method requiring state intervention to push the society in a course away from practices rooted in gender discrimination and to deliver them in sync with constitutional targets of equality and dignity.
This method accelerates the method of change. However, it creates social pressure as standing quoist components resist it, for they might not be snug with the style and tempo of the change sought to be pushed by means of by the state. Abolition of “sati” and untouchability, Hindu private legal guidelines and criminalising the apply of dowry are good examples.
Analysed from this angle, the legislative experiment on instantaneous triple talaq seems to be a step in the best course as authorities figures present a pointy decline in incidents of Muslim girls being subjected to instantaneous divorce after the enactment of the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Act a 12 months in the past.
As towards 3,82,964 instances between 1985 and 2019 i.e. 11,263 instances per 12 months, just one,039 incidents had been reported for the reason that enactment of the legislation. The challenge remained on the backburner for many years because the Indian state and the political class had an unwritten understanding with conservative components of the Muslim society that seen any change of their private legal guidelines as an try and intrude with their spiritual practices.