Tribune News Service
New Delhi, August 10
Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar on Monday mentioned the fodder and water augmentation programme in jungle areas will cut back incidents of man-animal conflicts that result in the dying of a lot of elephants in addition to people.
“Hopefully, from next year, there will be ample availability of water and fodder so that elephants do not have to venture out in search of food,” Javadekar mentioned whereas releasing the Document on Best Practices and Launch of Portal on Human-Elephant Conflict on the eve of World Elephant Day
Each yr, human-elephant battle ends in about 500 human deaths and harm to 1000’s of homes and hundreds of thousands of hectares of crops, whereas over 100 elephants die on account of human-related actions, which embody poaching for ivory or meat, poisoning, electrocution and collision with trains, in keeping with the report.
Javadekar mentioned India is taking over the formidable water and fodder augmentation in forests utilizing LIDAR-based survey expertise to spice up its natural world.
=“It will give complete details of forest area where water conservation can be done so that water-base increases through recharge, ample grass and fodder are available,” he mentioned
Despite having solely 2.6 per cent of the world’s landmass, four per cent contemporary rainwater sources, 16 per cent of the human inhabitants and 16 per cent of cattle inhabitants, India has eight per cent of the World’s biodiversity.
“This is because of our ability to coexist and care for it,” Javadekar mentioned.
While globally, wild Asian elephants are current in 13 nations, India holds the most important inhabitants with practically 30,000 animals.
However, human habitation is impinging on the boundary of many Protected Areas and shrinking area accompanied by a scarcity of meals typically forces wild animals in direction of populated areas.
The variety of wild Asian Elephants, estimated at 29,964 in keeping with 2017 census by Project Elephant, is about 60% of the species’ international inhabitants.
Friction between people and elephants termed Human-Elephant Conflict (HEC) happens primarily over area and is a serious conservation concern throughout the nation for governments, conservationists and other people dwelling near the wild animals. Loss of pure habitat and
fragmentation have been bringing wild elephants nearer to human
habitations, sparking these conflicts.
To deal with such conflicts and keep away from losses on either side, it is very important strengthen the human-elephant coexistence by by lively administration interventions by the State Forest Departments, the involvement of assorted stakeholders and sensitization and producing consciousness in native communities of forest fringe areas.
A wide range of administration methods and practices has been developed and customised are carried out at totally different scales by the State Forest Departments for stopping and mitigating human-elephant battle, states the report that summarises the varied administration innovations efficiently adopted by the elephant vary states.