Mumbai, August 10
As many as 77 new species of butterflies have been discovered within the ecologically delicate forest of Matheran hill station close to Mumbai throughout a examine carried out there over the past eight years, in response to the Bombay Natural History Society.
With this, the full variety of butterfly species within the Matheran forest has now gone as much as 140, city-based Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS) scientist Mandar Sawant mentioned.
Matheran is unfold over an space of 214.73 sq km and is positioned about 80 km from the Maharashtra capital.
“The eight-year-long rigorous study undertaken by BNHS from 2011 to 2019 has resulted in the discovery of 77 new species of butterflies in Matheran,” the non-governmental analysis organisation mentioned in an announcement.
“After a span of 125 years, for the first time such a study was undertaken to discover the flying beauties at Matheran,” it mentioned.
Scientists from BNHS and Somaiya Vidyavihar University right here have printed a analysis paper, titled ‘Finding the forgotten gems: Revisiting the butterflies of Matheran after 125 years, with the introduction to the novel colour barcode for depicting seasons and activity of the Indian butterflies’, locally peer-reviewed Biodiversity Data Journal.
A robust seasonal variation in butterfly variety was noticed. The most variety of butterflies was recorded throughout winter, and the least throughout monsoon, BNHS mentioned in its assertion.
“A excessive similarity of butterfly species composition was noticed between the pairs of web sites studied, tending in direction of good nestedness. This additionally emphasises the truth that butterfly variety within the area is sort of secure and possibilities of emigration to, or immigration from, surrounding areas are very low, the examine mentioned.
“Further, we launched a novel barcode system for denoting seasons and actions of Indian butterflies and hope it will assist butterfly biologists to concisely and successfully current the information, the assertion mentioned.
The analysis paper is an consequence of eight years of fieldwork with 22,833 observations and utilization of color barcoding system by Mandar Sawant, Dr Nikhil Modak and Sagar Sarang within the forests of Matheran, it added.
In 1894, British researcher J A Betham surveyed the hills of Matheran for its butterfly variety.
He had reported 78 butterfly species again then and expressed hope that somebody from Bombay (now Mumbai) would take up survey in future and may report some extra butterflies, a BNHS official mentioned, including that they’ve now taken it a step ahead. PTI