Kuala Lumpur, January 12
Malaysia’s King Al-Sultan Abdullah declared a state of emergency across the country on Tuesday to curb the spread of COVID-19, after consenting to a request from Prime Minister Muhyiddin Yassin, who is facing a leadership challenge.
An emergency would give the Prime Minister and his cabinet extraordinary powers, including allowing the government to introduce laws without the approval of the Parliament.
It was not immediately clear how the emergency would impact day-to-day activities but the constitution allows for the Parliament to be suspended during that period — which could for now put an end to political uncertainties faced by Muhyiddin.
Malaysia’s benchmark share index fell as much as 1.3 per cent after the emergency announcement.
The premier has been in a precarious position since coming to power in March 2020 due to a razor thin majority in the Parliament. Some ruling coalition partners have been calling for him to step down and call for early elections.
The palace said Muhyiddin requested the emergency as a proactive measure to curb COVID-19.
The emergency will last until August 1 or earlier depending on whether the coronavirus infections have been brought under control.
“Al-Sultan Abdullah is of the opinion that the spread of COVID-19 is at a critical stage and that there is a need to declare a proclamation of emergency,” the palace said in a statement.
The king had rejected a similar request from Muhyiddin in October. Opposition leaders had then criticised the request as a move to cling to power.
Malaysia is a constitutional monarchy in which the king assumes a largely ceremonial role. Under the constitution, the king carries out his duties with the advice of the Prime Minister and the cabinet. It also gives him the right to decide if an emergency should be declared, based on threats to security, economy or public order.
Nik Ahmad Kamal Nik Mahmood, legal expert at the International Islamic University of Malaysia, said the government would gain wide powers during the emergency.
“If the Parliament is not in session, the government has the power to make laws. The constitution is more or less suspended, as a substantial part of it can be overridden by emergency law,” he said.
Muhyiddin is scheduled to give a televised address on the emergency at 0300 GMT.
On Monday, Muhyiddin announced a nationwide travel ban and a 14-day lockdown in the capital Kuala Lumpur and five states, saying the country’s healthcare system was at a breaking point.
The number of new daily infections hit a record high last week, breaching the 3,000 mark for the first time. Total coronavirus cases passed 138,000 on Monday, with 555 deaths.
MUHYIDDIN SAYS GOVERNMENT WILL CONTINUE TO FUNCTION IN EMERGENCY
Prime Minister Muhyiddin Yassin said on Tuesday that the government would continue to function.
Muhyiddin said: “Parliament would be suspended until a time to be decided by the king. The government will also seek to increase military and police powers related to public health during the emergency, and bring in the private sector to support the public healthcare system.” Reuters