Brussels/Berlin, November 9
The European Union will “regrettably” impose tariffs on imports of $4 billion in US goods from Tuesday, EU Trade Commissioner Valdis Dombrovskis said, while hoping that President-elect Joe Biden will foster a sharp improvement in transatlantic ties.
The bloc will exercise the right to counter-measures awarded to it last month by the World Trade Organization in a case against US planemaker Boeing, part of a long-running US-EU battle over civil aviation subsidies.
“We have made clear at every stage that we want to settle this long-running issue,” Dombrovskis told a news conference after an online meeting of EU trade ministers on Monday.
However, he said the bloc would impose tariffs on US exports of planes and parts and a range of farm and industrial products from Tuesday.
“Regrettably, despite our best efforts (and) due to lack of progress on the US side, we can confirm that the European Union will later today exercise our rights and impose counter-measures awarded to us by the WTO in respect to Boeing,” he said.
US tariffs on $7.5 billion of EU products after a parallel WTO case against Airbus have been in place for over a year.
The European Union says the main objective of its own measures is to persuade the United States to negotiate a solution, arguing that the chief beneficiaries of the 16-year-old dispute are competitors, such as China’s COMAC.
Dombrovskis said the EU tariffs would mirror those set by the United States in the Airbus case, such as 15 per cent for aircraft and 25 per cent for agricultural and industrial products.
However, US Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer last month warned any EU measures would “force a US response”, while Donald Trump, who remains US president until January 20, threatened to “strike back harder”.
Washington could, for example, choose to hike its tariffs on EU cheese, olives and whisky to 100 per cent. It argues there is no legal basis for EU measures because underlying subsidies to Boeing have been repealed.
‘Great expectations’ for Biden
The dispute and EU complaints over US tariffs on EU steel and aluminium look set to transfer to the next president’s desk.
Dombrovskis repeated an EU offer that the bloc would suspend its measures if the United States did the same, but said Washington had so far not agreed to do so.
“We are ready to withdraw or suspend our tariffs any time, when the US is ready to do so, whether under the current or the next administration,” he said.
German Economy Minister Peter Altmaier told the same news conference that many EU countries saw Biden’s election victory as a chance for an improvement.
“We will try to get a new start in trade policy between the United States and all member states,” said Altmaier, whose country holds the rotating EU presidency. He added Europe’s goal was to find common ground with the future Biden administration and then reduce overall tariffs as much as possible.
Trump, with whom Europe has had strained relations, has not conceded and is making legal challenges to the outcome of the November 3 election.
“There are great expectations and the hope that the American presidential elections will lead to a return to multilateral engagement in international trade and that it will be possible to overcome past conflicts,” Altmaier said.
Dombrovskis said there was a full list of things to do – from coordinating on the reform of global trade rules to incorporating climate change goals into trade.
He added the commission, which coordinates trade policy for the 27 EU nations, had made some informal contacts with Team Biden.
“So some first contacts have been made, among other things also to discuss trade issues,” he said. “But at the same time, concerning ongoing issues…. we continue to work with the current administration.” — Reuters