Today News Online Service
New Delhi, March 23
India registered a decline of 83 per cent in malarial deaths between 2014 and 2018 under the anti-malarial measures of the National Health Mission.
The information was given to the Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi who reviewed progress under NHM today.
“The total number of malaria cases and deaths reported in 2018 were 4,29,928 and 96 in comparison to 11,02,205 cases and 561 deaths reported in 2014 indicating a decline of 61 pc in malaria cases and 83 pc deaths in comparison to the corresponding period of 2014,” the ministry told the Cabinet.
Under 5 mortality rate declined from 52 in 2012 to 36 in 2018 and the percentage annual rate of decline in U5MR during 2013-2018 accelerated to 6 pc from 3.9 pc observed during 1990-2012.
The NHM was launched in April 2015 for accelerating Sustainable Development Goal progress.
The PM was informed that Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) of India had declined by 443 points from 556 per one lakh live births in 1990 to 113 in 2016 to 18.
“A decline of 80 pc has been achieved in MMR since 1990, higher than the global decline of 45 pc,” the ministry said.
Total fertility rate has reduced from 2.3 in 2013 to 2.2 in 2018.
The National Family Health Survey 4 (2015-16) recorded a TFR of 2.2. India’s TFR target is 2.1.
Further, approvals of 63,761 Ayushman Bharat Health and Wellness Centres were accorded till March 31, 2020 and 38,595 operationalised.