Maharaja Ranjit Singh (1780-1839), popularly often called Sher-e-Punjab or Sarkar, was the primary native Punjabi who dominated over the land of 5 rivers. Because of a uncommon geo-strategic imaginative and prescient, he dominated from the Sutlej to Kabul Khandhar, Kashmir and Ladakh areas. He had a fantastic affiliation with the holy metropolis. During his keep at Lahore, he typically visited the Golden Temple and constructed a summer season palace right here for a protracted keep. The metropolis administration didn’t take care of the belongings of Great Maharaja and several other monuments had been crying for consideration, however one can really feel the greatness of the Maharaja by visiting the Rambagh, the place some monuments are preserved. Once the backyard was unfold over 84 acres, however with concrete roads and huge encroachments round, 35-acre space is left open to the general public.
The Panorama, a visible depiction of the vital phases of the Maharaja was arrange in 2006 at a value of Rs5 crore by the then Chief Minister Parkash Sigh Badal together with his private curiosity. A two-storeyed round constructing options work depicting the six main battles of the Mahraja. It is accompanied by a multimedia illustration of the sights and sounds of struggle.
Acquisition of Koh-i-Noor (1814): Right from his childhood, Ranjit Singh had an ambition to accumulate the Koh-i-Noor diamond. It was at the moment in possession of Shah Shuja, the Durrani monarch, who was later defeated and captured by Ata Md. Khan, the Governor of Kashmir. Ranjit Singh offered asylum to his spouse and received Shah Shuja launched from Kashmir in lieu of Koh-i-Noor.
The Capture of Kangra (1809): Gurkhas, thought-about as outsiders by Ranjit Singh, had captured the Kangra fort in 1806. Ranjit Singh accompanied by some hilly chiefs and their contingent defeated them in a fierce battle at Ganesh Ghati of Kangra Valley. The whole defeat passed off in September 1809. Use of small khukries by the Gurkhas in comparison with lengthy swords, weapons and canons by the Sikh military, was the explanation behind the failure of the Gurkhas.
Victory at Hazro (1813): The fort of Attock historically thought to be the sentinel of India on the border with Afghanistan, was recaptured in 1813 from Wazir Fateh Khan and his military marking the liberation of Northern India from Afghans. The battle was gained beneath the general command of Ranjit Singh with Diwan Mokham Chand in operation accompanied by Hari Singh Nalwa, Mian Gausha and Sardar Dal Singh with a powerful Punjabi power.
Summer Palace (1819): The summer season palace of the legendary Sikh king was in-built 1819. The Maharaja used to remain right here throughout his go to to the Golden Temple. It is situated within the Chahar Bagh, a quadrilateral backyard on the Mughal sample. The British ruined the backyard. It has been beneath renovation for the previous 13 years, however continues to be incomplete. It has been out of bounds for vacationers for years owing to its extended conservation work. Started in 2007, the conservation work continues to be not over.
- Deorhi: There are two Deohris of Summer palace. The entrance Deohri in direction of the walled metropolis had been renovated and is in a superb situation. While the deohri on the again facet is in a poor situation.
- Watch Towers: The quadrilateral backyard has 4 watch towers on all 4 corners. Three of the towers had been restored lately, whereas one is encroached by a membership contained in the backyard.
- Baradari: There had been a number of baradaris within the authentic Chahar Bagh across the palace. Some had been demolished prior to now a long time. Only one baradari is left within the backyard now.
Capture of the Zamzama (1802): The Maharaja acquired the enormous cannon ‘Zamzama’ from Mai Sukhan, widow of Bhangi chief, Gulab Singh Bhangi in 1802. Three small cannons had been additionally acquired from them, that are close to the enormous Zamzama. A giant gun — Zamzama — is being hauled up by a superb variety of Maharaja’s troopers in entrance of the Govindgarh Fort of Amritsar.
Ranjit Singh’s marriage (1795): The marriage of Maharaja Ranjit Singh with Mehtab Kaur, granddaughter of Kanhaiya Misl chief, is being solemnised in a big adorned Baradari. The matrimonial alliance grew to become a serious occasion within the historical past of Punjab.
The Fall of Multan (1818): Ranjit Singh captured the fort of Multan located between the Sutlej and Ravi in 1818 from Nawab Muzaffar Khan. The 16-year-old Prince Kharak Singh participated as one of many commanders together with Misr Dewan Chand and 20,000 males. The artillery beneath the command of Illahi Baksh and massive Bhangi gun ‘Zamzama’ performed a serious position in capturing the fort. The conquest of Multan by Maharaja Ranjit Singh ended the Afghan affect in Punjab.
The Ropar Treaty (1831): Maharaja Ranjit Singh, using an elephant, met William Bentinck, the Governor General of India, at Ropar on the banks of the Sutlej on October 26, 1831. Maharaja is adopted by a battery of armed males with artilleries on the far finish. An excellent variety of royal canopies and tents of the British camp with senior armed officers may be discovered on obligation. The Maharaja took this chance to show the prosperity and energy of the dominion of Lahore.
The Conquest of Kashmir (1819): In a fierce combating on the plain of Shopian, the Sikh military defeated Zabbar Khan, the Afghan ruler and his military, who later fled to Afghanistan, thus resulting in the liberation of Kashmir. Prince Kharak Singh, Misr Diwan Chand, Akali Phula Singh together with his Nihang troops participated within the battle. The paradise-like Kashmir got here beneath the possession of Maharaja Ranjit Singh in July 1819.
Modernisation of Army by the maharaja (1830)
Maharaja Ranjit Singh was a fantastic normal, who needed to modernise his military after seeing the prevalence of the British troops. He inducted a number of Europeans to facilitate this. JF Allard and JB Venture, the 2 French officers, who had been inducted by Maharaja Ranjit Singh for modernising his military, had served Napoleon in his campaigns. In the portray, they’re seen inspecting an organised infantry on the one facet and cavalry on the opposite. All personnel are in proper military outfit. Many of them are carrying lengthy arm weapons.
Gold plating service at Darbar Sahib (1830): The Maharaja used to go to Harmandir Sahib on each special day, particularly Diwali and Baisakhi, and current items earlier than prayers and the holy dip. The most vital providing was the laying of gold plates on the Golden Temple in 1830. Under the supervision of Ranjit Singh, the work of laying gold on the Darbar Sahib is in progress (within the portray).